What challenges are involved in buying a small resort lodge in Costs Rica? First off the mark is having to deal with Real Estate agents.
Day after day one comes across realtors in Costa Rica marketing small hotels and resorts for sale, with asking prices that are frankly criminal. I would define criminal as promoting a hotels value at a figure picked out of the air, the bare land price, the cost to build, add some on for revenue generated, near what he bought it for down the road for last week!! No doubt ask them and they would blame the sellers for asking for such prices.
Is it the same as buying a resort vacation home? No. Is the value of the property calculated as one would a vacation home or residential property, that is on emotion? No.
The price you buy at should be based as far as you are concerned around the forward calculation of what cash flow you as an operator can generate from the business over the coming years at today $. It’s based on cash flow! and only that.
Not what $ a seller has invested in it. If a seller has invested 150K in improvements and the cash flow improvement have netted 10K in cash flow, then that’s 10K towards the valuation, not 150K plus “on potential”.
It’s present valuation based on what actual net cash flow from operations the property is achieving to date. The yield % to calculate this valuation based on the quality standard of the buildings and its location.
Let’s use a most simplistic calculation, ignoring numerous aspects of how a calculation of a commercial hotel business should be done.
Take a 10 bedroom lodge with a average occupancy of 60%, that’s 85% for 7 months and 25% for 5 during the wet and low seasons, way above average for small hotel operators in Costa Rica by the way, at an average rate of $60. That’s generating about 131K in revenue.
Costs of marketing, utilities, your sales efforts and affiliations, transport related, maintenance, cleaning, laundry, linen, communications, grounds upkeep, insurances, local taxes, taxes, add some salaries to help you clean 6 rooms a day, supplies, you will be very lucky to generate a 65% operating profit before a management salary.
For 365 days a year of pure graft and effort to manage the business, deduct a modest 40K for your efforts, which leaves about 45K cash flow. 10% yield on the net cash flow generated values this property at 450K, if a buyer is happy with a 40K salary! That’s before a capital plan for replacements of major building items, and achieving a 65% OP is questionable.
At 60% occupancy. Scary. Unless you like working for nothing that is.
Yes, on the market for $1m++ no doubt. !!!! Do the math, 500K down, 500K at 8% with 40K interest only payments, 5K to spare. Or 500K yielding 6% and you sit on the beach with your 30K.
40K to go gradually broke, forced to sell out at a loss, with health issues, or 30K for being a beach bum!
For advice on purchasing your commercial hotel business, do your homework and contact firstname.lastname@example.org.